Queen is a British rock band that formed in London in 1970. The original members included Freddie Mercury (lead vocals, piano), Brian May (lead guitar, vocals), Roger Taylor (drums, vocals), and John Deacon (bass guitar). Progressive rock, hard rock, and heavy metal influenced Queen's earliest works. However, the band gradually ventured into more conventional and radio-friendly works by incorporating further styles into their music, including arena rock and pop rock.
Brian May and Roger Taylor had played together in a band named Smile, before forming Queen. Freddie Mercury was a fan of Smile. He encouraged them to experiment with more elaborate stage and recording techniques. In 1970, Mercury joined the band suggested "Queen" as a new band name, and adopted his familiar stage name. In 1973, John Deacon was recruited before the band recorded their eponymous debut album. Queen first charted in the UK with their second album, Queen II, in 1974. However, the release of Sheer Heart Attack later that year and A Night at the Opera in 1975 brought them international success. The single "Bohemian Rhapsody", stayed at number one in the UK for nine weeks and popularized the music video.
The band's 1977 album News of the World featured "We Will Rock You" and "We Are the Champions" were featured on Queen's 1977 album News of the World. The two singles have become anthems at sporting events. Queen was one of the biggest stadium rock bands in the world by the early 1980s. In 1908, "Another One Bites the Dust" was released and is their best selling single. Their 1981 compilation album Greatest Hits is the best-selling album in the UK and is certified eight times platinum in the US. Queen’s performance at the 1985 Live Aid concert is ranked among the greatest in rock history by various music publications. It was also ranked the best in a 2005 industry poll. In 1991, Mercury died of bronchopneumonia, a complication of AIDS. Deacon retired in 1997. May and Taylor have since then, performed under the name of Queen with Paul Rodgers and Adam Lambert as vocalists on several tours.
Queen has released a total of 18 number-one albums, 18 number-one singles, and ten number-one DVDs. Their record sales estimate from 150 million to 300 million records, making them one of the world's best-selling music artists. In 1990, Queen received the Outstanding Contribution to British Music Award from the British Phonographic Industry. In 2001, they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
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